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Is it wrong to use bread made with yeast in Communion?

QUESTION: I've always believed that when taking Communion, the bread must be unleavened because leavening represents sin. The Jews ate unleavened bread at Passover, and Jesus gave us that same example when he had Communion with his disciples. However, I've been in services where leavened bread is used for communion, which leaves me confused. Is there a right/wrong way to observe Communion?

Answer: It's true that God forbade the Israelites to use, or even possess yeast (or leaven) in their homes during the 8 days of Passover and Feast of Unleavened bread. It's also true that yeast was biblically a symbol for sin. It became a valuable word-picture for the Jews in understanding the way sin can spread throughout our lives.

But it is untrue that Communion bread must be unleavened in order to be acceptable. I say this based on two important points:

1. It is incorrect to assume that the ceremonial requirements for Israel's worship observances transfer to the Church

Many Christians assume that Old Covenant regulations and prohibitions carry over to the New Testament Church. As you can imagine, this has resulted in huge and long-lasting debates: Should we still worship on the seventh-day Sabbath? What about requirements for clothing, or food laws?

It is vitally important to remember that, as the Body of Christ, we are not under the Mosaic Covenant and the ceremonial regulations given to Israel are not in force for the Church. 

2. There is nothing in the New Testament that suggests Communion bread must be unleavened

Yes, Jesus and His disciples would have eaten unleavened bread during the Last Supper, but that's because they were observing Passover. We must remember that Communion is not a recreation of Passover. It is a remembrance of Christ's death on the cross. Therefore the requirements and prohibitions placed on Israel for observing Passover do not transfer to our observance of Communion.


  1. Thanks for taking the time to answer this so thoroughly! It sure can be a struggle to break free of that "Mosaic Covenant" mindset, especially when raised in a somewhat legalistic church.

  2. Thank you for your thoughtful explanation!

  3. Thank you so much for that well explained observance. I thought as much but I needed to hear it from a pastor.I think highly of.